* Dr. Mayurkumar Chintaman Tembhurne M.D. (Scholar) * Dr. Mrunal Tiwari Guide: M.D.(Kayachikitsa)
*L.R.P.Ayurvedic Medical College, Islampur, Sangli.
Prameha (Diabetes) is mainly faulty lifestyle disease, which is greatly affecting to people of this era. Beside medicines, yogasana is preventional and therapeutic measure on problem caused by wrong and faulty food and routine life. Yogasana, mudras, pranayams are our ancient master processes needful for healthy life, which also maintain sound state of body and mind. Prameha is mainly kaphadoshaj disease, in which pancreas functions abnormally in secretion of insulin, which causes metabolic disorder of sugar in blood and further in urine too. It is seen that regular use of yogasanas like Halasan, Paschimottasan regulates the proper function of pancreas and other internal organs so that diabetes, obesity and similar diseases are avoided and treated.
Key Words: Prameha,Yogasana,Diabetes mellitus, Kapha dosha,Insulin,Halasan,Paschimottasana, Mayurasana, Patanjali yogasutra, Darshanopanishada, Varahopanishada, Trishikhibramhopanishada, Yadnyawalkyasmriti, Kathopanishada, Udar roga, Splenomegaly, Nauli, Sitali, Dhauti mudra, Pranayama, Disease, Faulty food habit.
Prameha is a disease anciently described chiefly in CharakSamhita and other vedas . As stated by Charakacharyasmain cause of prameha is kaphajanyaaahar and vihar.
Aasya sukham swapna sukham dadhini gramyaodakanuparasaha payansi
Navann paanam gudvaikrutam ch prameha hetuhu kaphakruchch sarvam! Ch.Chi.6/4
Which means, less exercises or less physical work, laziness, more sleepy habits, unhealthy, heavy, new and sweet food habits are responsible to raise kaphadosha in body, which strongly cause prameha. Prameha and its symptoms have very similar resemblance with diabetes mellitus of modern medical science, In Prameha, there is sthaulya, bahumutrata, atiswedana are chief complaints. Similarly according to modern medical science, in diabetes mellitus, there is obesity, frequent urination, sweating are primary and main symptoms. Pancreas is very essential endocrine gland situated near liver at epigastrium region of abdomen of every human body. Beta cells of pancreas secrete insulin hormone, due to which glucose made in body is properly absorbed in cells and so in various organs of body. Proper utilization of sugar or glucose from blood is all depend upon regular and sufficient secretion of insulin hormone. In case of less or no availability of insulin in body, blood sugar is not used by body cells and hence starts deposition of large amount of sugar in blood. If this sugar is not used from blood, this is followed by toxic effects on human body. This situation is called as diabetes so it is seen that improper functioning of pancreas causes low or no secretion of insulin is causative agent for diabetes mellitus.
Yogasana is very ancient science mentioned in most Granthas and Vedas of Indian culture. Yogasana word is made by combination of two words i.e, yoga and asana. According to Patanjaliyogasutra Yoga is way of union of aatmai. e, finite with paramatma i. e, infinite by some concentric and meditative methods. Asana are specific positions of body postures, which are beneficiary to have healthy body and healthy body organs, if regularly performed. Yogasanas have multidimensional roles to play in welfare of mankind namely Relaxation, Meditation, Correction and culture of physical body and its organs.
Materials and Method:
- Sitali mudra
- Dhauti mudra
Mayurasana, the peacock yoga pose is one of the basic postures of hath yogas in which whole body weight is balanced on palms, elbows and shoulders. Technique: Kneel on the floor, knees wide, and sit on your heels. Lean forward and press your palms on the floor with your fingers turned back towards your torso. Bend your elbows slightly and touch the pinky sides if your hands and the outer forearms together. Then bend your elbows to right angle and slide your knees to the outside of your arms and forward of your hands. Lean your front torso onto the backs of your upper arms and burrow your elbows deep into your belly at or below the navel Firm your belly against the pressure of your elbows. Lower your forehead to the floor. Then, straighten your knees and stretch your legs out behind your torso, tops of your feet on the floor. Lift your head off the floor and look forward, Position your torso and legs approximately parallel to the floor. Hold at first for about 10 seconds, gradually increasing your time to 30 seconds as you gain more experience with the pose, Then lower your head and feet to the floor, bend your knees and lift your torso off your arms.
Halasana is Sanskrit word came from ‘hala’ means ‘plow’ and asana means posture. Technique:
- Lie on the floor, lift the legs and try to place them behind the head
- Try to hold this position for 10 seconds and gradually increase to 30 seconds with experience,
- Take the legs back to normal lying position slowly.
Paschimottanasana also known as Paschimottanasana, which is a Sanskrit word where ‘paschima’means west ‘or “back of body’; ‘uttana means ‘intense stretch’ or’extended1 and ‘asana’ means ‘postoire’. Technique : Sit on tlie ground stretching legs straight and forward. Swing the upper part of the body back and forth. With each swing, each should try to reach further with their hands, touching their knees, calves, ankles and finally their toes. Bend forward to touch the knees with your hands and then touch the toes with hands. Try to place your elbows at the sides of knees and touch the knees with either nose or forehead Try to hold this position for 10 seconds and then upto 30 seconds with experience. Slowly come up to normal position.
- Sitali mudra
Technique: Sit in a comfortable asana, Curl the tongue in a roll, protrude it and inhale through the wet tongue, At the end of inhalation, release the curl, fold the tongue and touch the top of the upperpalate even the uvula if possible. This is called Jivha Bandha. Repeat the process by wetting tongue.
Technique: Sit in squatting position or simple sitting position with spine straight comfortably. Take one end of a moist cloth and insert into mouth. Hold the cloth near the mouth with your hands and slowly start swallowing the cloth. You can also sip the water from the glass to help you in swallowing process. Continue the process till the full length of cloth is inside. Make sure you leave at least half feet of cloth outside, so that you can pull out the cloth at the end of practice. Keep the cloth inside for maximum for 20 minutes. Pull the cloth out very slowly. Wash and sterilize it for reuse it.
Results and Discussion: Yogasanas are seen to be very tremendous useful in maintaining ones health and to recover the abnormally grown health issues.
See the chart below: As per survey done by author of book ‘yoga and ayurveda’ Dr. Satyendra Prasad Mishra, in the table mentioned above, raising blood sugar, cholesterol level, urinary corticosteroids, urinary ketosteroids etc. levels are got controlled in normal values after the regular practices of asanas.
Discussion: When Halasana, Paschimotlasana, Mayurasana, sitali mudra, dhauti mudra and such other yogasana and mudras are practiced regularly, the vitiated doshas of human body viz. vata, pitta and kapha are get into their normal states. As per table above, it can be seen that yogasana is being supported in physical education field, physical medicine and rehabilitation field and also in psychiatric field.
Basically, the concept of yogasana is to maintain normal physical arid mental health of human being. If due to some circumstances, the doshas of body got vitiate and probably causing any diseases like prameha, yagasana are able to recover normal (prakrut) state of doshas again. Also according to modem medical science, if pancreas and other body organs start to function abnormally and produce the diseases like diabetes mellitus in body, yogasana make the organs function normally once again and make the disease vanish from body.
- CharakSamhitachikitsasthana 6/4-6
- Hath Yoga Pradipika
- Yoga and Ayurveda
- Ayurveda & Yoga 8. Swasthwritta
- Charaka, Charaka Samhita: The Chowkhmbha Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi. 2. Hathayoga and Tantra: Edited by M. Venkata Reddy, Vemana yoga research institute, Market street, Secunderabad-3.
- Yoga and Ayurveda: Dr. Satyendra Prasad Mishra, Chaukhamba Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi-1
- Swasth Writta: Dr. Vijay Patrikar, Godawari publisher and book promoter, Nagpur.
- Ayurveda & Yoga: Dr. Ranade & Dr. Deshpande, Narendra Prakashan, Pune-2.